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Dame Barbara Hepworth

(b. Wakefield, 10 Jan 1903; d. St Ives, 20 May 1975).

1903 January 10th, Barbara Hepworth born in Wakefield, Yorkshire
1920 Wins scholarship to Leeds School of Art
1921 Awarded a county major scholarship and begins studies in sculpture at the Royal College of Art, London
1924 Awarded RCA diploma and wins a scholarship for travel to Italy
1925 Marries sculptor John Skeaping (divorce in 1931) in Florence and begins work in Rome
1930 Returns to England and begins carving iron-stones from the Norfolk beaches
1931 Joins the Seven and Five Society and exhibits until its demise in 1936
1933 Visits Paris with Ben Nicholson and meets Georges Braque, Pablo Picasso, and Constantin Brancusi
1935 Meets Naum Gabo and Piet Mondrian in Paris
1938 Marries Ben Nicholson (ends in 1951)
1939 Moves to St. Ives, Cornwall before WWII
1949 Founds Penwith Society for Arts in Cornwall
1951 Buys Trewyn Studio and moves there permanently
1958 Receives CBE in New Year’s Honours List
1964 Becomes a Trustee of the Tate Gallery, London
1966 Diagnosed with throat cancer, cared for by specialist Stanley Lee, at Westminster Hospital
1968 Awarded Honorary Degree from University of Oxford
1975 May 20th, dies at home , St. Ives, Cornwall
1975 Opening of Barbara Hepworth Museum, St Ives, Cornwall

exhibitions

1928 First solo public exhibition at the Beaux Art Gallery, London
1932 Joint exhibition with Ben Nicholson at Author Tooth & Sons’ Gallery, London
1943 First retrospective exhibition, held at Temple Newsam, Leeds
1946 First post war solo show at Alex. Reid & Lefevre, London
1951 Retrospective exhibition held at native town of Wakefield, Yorkshire opened by Sir Herbert Read
1954 Major retrospective exhibition at the Whitechapel Art Gallery, London: Barbara Hepworth: A Retrospective of Carvings and Drawings from 1927–1954
1959 Exhibited at 5th Sao Paulo Biennal, Brazil
1962 Major Retrospective exhibition at the Whitechapel Art Gallery, London: Barbara Hepworth: An Exhibition of Sculpture from 1952–1962
1963 Exhibited at 7th Biennale, Tokyo, Japan
1964 The British Council European Tour: Barbara Hepworth
1966 Exhibited at Fifth International Sculpture Exhibition at Songbook
1968 Major retrospective at Tate Gallery, London: Barbara Hepworth
1971 Arts Council Tour: Barbara Hepworth Sculpture and Lithographs 1970–71
1979 Marlborough Fine Art, London and Marlborough Gallery, New York: Barbara Hepworth: Carvings and Bronzes
1981 Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC: Barbara Hepworth: From the Museum Collection, Hishhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
1987–8 New Art Centre, London: Barbara Hepworth: Ten Sculptures 1951–73
1996 PaceWildenstein, New York: Barbara Hepworth: Sculpture from the Estate
2001–2 Robert Sandelson, London: Barbara Hepworth

public commissions

1947 Town Planning Committee, London County Council, 4 maquettes for Waterloo Bridge
1948–66 London County Council, Outdoor Sculpture Exhibitions
1949 Hertfordshire County, Education Committee, ‘Vertical Forms’
1949–51 Festival of Britain: ‘Contrapuntal Forms;’ ‘Turning Forms’;
Festival Disposals, Harlow New Town, Essex: ‘Contrapuntal Forms’;
Festival Disposals, St Julian’s (now Marlborough) School, St Albans: ‘Turning Forms’
1954 London County Council, South Bank: ‘Monolith (Empyrean)’ and is sited on the South Bank outside the Royal Festival Hall
1956 Mullard Electronics: ‘Orpheus: Theme on Electronics’
1958 State House, London: ‘Meridian’
1961–64 United Nations, New York: ‘Single Form’ in memory of Dag Hammarskjold
1962 John Lewis Partnership, Oxford Street, London: ‘Winged Figure’
1962 The Ministry of Works, Chetwynd House, Chesterfield: ‘Curved Reclining
Form, Rosewall’
1969–72 Cheltenham & Gloucester Building Society, Cheltenham: ‘Theme and
Variations’

selected bibliography

Barbara Hepworth: Carvings and Drawings, introduction by Herbert Read, Lund Humphries, London, 1952

Bowness, Alan, Barbara Hepworth: Drawings from a Sculptor’s Landscape, Cory, Adams & Mackay, London, 1966

Bowness, Sophie, Barbara Hepworth: Stone Sculpture, PaceWildenstein Gallery, New York, 2001

Browse, Lillian (ed.), Introduction by William Gibson, Barbara Hepworth: Sculptress, Faber & Faber, London, 1946

Curtis, Penelope, Barbara Hepworth, Tate Gallery Publications, London, 1998

Festing, Sally, Barbara Hepworth A Life of Forms, Harmondsworth, 1995

Fraser Jenkins, David, Barbara Hepworth: A Guide to the Tate Gallery Collection at London and St Ives, Tate Gallery Publications, 1982

Gale, Matthew and Stephens, Chris, Barbara Hepworth, Tate Gallery Publishing, London, 1999

Hammacher, A. M., Barbara Hepworth, A. Zwemmer, London, 1958

Hodin, J.P., Barbara Hepworth: Life and Work, Lund Humphries, London, 1961

Martin, J.L., Ben Nicholson and Naum Gabo (eds.), Circle: International Survey of Constructive Art, Faber & Faber, London, 1937

Read, Herbert (ed.), Unit One: The Modern Movement in English Architecture, Painting and Sculpture, Cassell, London,1934

Shepherd, Michael, Barbara Hepworth, Methuen, London, 1963

Thistlewood, David, Barbara Hepworth Reconsidered, Liverpool, 1996

Wilkinson, Alan G., Barbara Hepworth: The Art Gallery of Ontario Collection, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, 1991

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Robert Sandelson Modern and Contemporary British and International Art
 info@robertsandelson.com

barbara hepworth biography

works available