Barbara Hepworth


1903   Born January 10th in Wakefield, Yorkshire, England.
1920   Wins scholarship to Leeds School of Art, England.
1921-24   Awarded scholarship and begins studies in sculpture at the Royal College of Art, London, England. Meets Henry Moore.
1924   Awarded RCA diploma and wins a scholarship for travel to Italy.
1925   Travels though Italy with sculptor John Skeaping. They marry in Florence on 13th May and move to Rome where both begin carving in stone.
1926   Returns to England in November.
1929   Son Paul is born in August, but marriage to Skeaping is deteriorating. They amicably divorce in 1933.
1931   Meets Ben Nicholson who joins her on holiday in Happisburgh, Norfolk. Joins the London Group and the Seven and Five Society and exhibits until its demise in 1936.
1933   Visits Paris with Ben Nicholson and meets Georges Braque, Pablo Picasso, and Constantin Brancusi.
1934   Gives birth to triplets.
1935   Meets Naum Gabo and Piet Mondrian in Paris, France.
1938   Marries Ben Nicholson (ends in 1951).
1939   Moves to St. Ives, Cornwall, England.
1949   Founds Penwith Society for Arts in Cornwall, England.
1951   Buys Trewyn Studio in St. Ives and moves there permanently.
1958   Receives CBE in New Year’s Honours List.
1964   Becomes a trustee of the Tate Gallery, London, England.
1966   Diagnosed with throat cancer, cared for by specialist Stanley Lee at Westminster Hospital, London, England.
1968   Awarded Honorary Degree from University of Oxford, England.
1975   Dies May 20th at home in St. Ives, Cornwall, England.
1976   Opening of Barbara Hepworth Museum, St Ives, Cornwall, England.

Selected exhibitions

1928   First solo exhibition at the Beaux Art Gallery, London, England.
1932   Joint exhibition with Ben Nicholson at Arthur Tooth & Sons Gallery, London, England.
1943   First retrospective exhibition, held at Temple Newsam, Leeds, England.
1946   First post-war solo show at Alex Reid & Lefevre, London, England.
1951   Retrospective exhibition held in native town of Wakefield, Yorkshire, opened by Sir Herbert Read.
1954   ‘Barbara Hepworth: A Retrospective of Carvings and Drawings from 1927-1954’, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, England.
1959   5th Sao Paulo Biennal, Brazil.
1962   ‘Barbara Hepworth: An Exhibition of Sculpture from 1952-1962’, major retrospective exhibition, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, England.
1963   7th Biennale, Tokyo, Japan.
1964   'Barbara Hepworth', The British Council European Tour.
1966   Fifth International Sculpture Exhibition at Sonsbeek, The Netherlands.
1968   'Barbara Hepworth’, major retrospective exhibition, Tate Gallery, London, England.
1971   ‘Barbara Hepworth: Sculpture and Lithographs’, Arts Council Tour.
1979   ‘Barbara Hepworth: Carvings and Bronzes’, Marlborough Fine Art, London and Marlborough Gallery, New York, USA.
1981   ‘Barbara Hepworth: From the Museum Collection, Hishhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden’, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, USA.
1987-88   ‘Barbara Hepworth: Ten Sculptures 1951-1973’, New Art Centre, London, England.
1996   ‘Barbara Hepworth: Sculpture from the Estate’, PaceWildenstein, New York, USA.
2001-02   ‘Barbara Hepworth’, Robert Sandelson, London, England.
2003   'Celebrating Sculpture: Modern and Contemporary Works from Dallas Collections’, Dallas Museum of Art, Texas, USA.
‘Barbara Hepworth Centenary Exhibition’, Tate St. Ives, Cornwall.
‘The Stages of Drawing: Gesture and Acts. Selected from the Tate Collection’, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia.
2004   'Art of the Garden’, Tate Britain, London, England.
‘Artists of the St. Ives School: The Essential Image’, Tate St. Ives, Cornwall, England.
‘Turning Points: 20th Century British Sculpture’, Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran, Iran.
2005   ‘Sculpture in the Open Air’, Dean Gallery, Edinburgh, Scotland.
‘A Feeling for Form: Modernism in British and New Zealand Art’, Auckland Art Gallery, New Zealand.
2006   ‘Modernism in St. Ives’, Tate St. Ives, Cornwall, England.

Public commissions

1947   Town Planning Committee, London County Council, 4 maquettes for Waterloo Bridge, London, England.
1948-66   London County Council, Outdoor Sculpture Exhibitions, England.
1949   'Vertical Forms’, Hertfordshire County Education Committee, England.
1949-51   Festival of Britain: ‘Contrapuntal Forms', 'Turning Forms’, Festival Disposals, Harlow New Town, Essex, England. St Julian’s (now Marlborough) School, St Albans, Herts, England.
1954   'Monolith (Empyrean)’, London County Council, South Bank, outside the Royal Festival Hall, London, England.
1956   'Orpheus: Theme on Electronics’, Mullard Electronics, London, England.
1958   ‘Meridian’, State House, London, England.
1961-64   'Single Form’, in memory of Dag Hammarskjold United Nations, New York, USA.
1962   ‘Winged Figure’, John Lewis Partnership, Oxford Street, London, England.
1962   ‘Curved Reclining Form, Rosewall’, The Ministry of Works, Chetwynd House, Chesterfield, England.
1969-72   ‘Theme and Variations’, Cheltenham & Gloucester Building Society, Cheltenham, England.